wrinkles treatment with botox
For many of us the information about the botulinum toxin (botox) is limited to the aggressiveness that it has to the muscles, producing their paralysis, in case of body infection. However, modern medicine allows us to use the botulinum toxin in the aesthetic field, in extremely reduced quantities, well controlled doses and following a laboratory process in which the molecule of the toxin is highly purified.
The name Botox derives from the collocation ”botulinum toxin”.
Initially the therapeutic indications of Botox were restricted to neurological and ophthalmological treatments, for treating muscle spasms and strabismus.
Researchers have concluded that 2500-3000 units of toxin are required for lethal effects of this toxin to people, and for cosmetic purposes only 75 – maximum 100 units of Botox are usually used. These studies have made the patients to gain confidence in the Botox injection procedure.
There are several types of botulinum toxin (botox), but the only one used for plastic surgery is type A. The face of each of us irreversibly changes in time because of the action of the harmful factors to which the skin is exposed every day, but also because of the genetic heritage that each of us has received.
With age, the skin loses water and elasticity and implicitly its beauty and fineness. Because of the hormonal changes that the body is exposed to with age, the epidermal collagen also reduces, causing the aging of the skin and the appearance of wrinkles. Besides these unavoidable factors, eating habits, stress, faulty skin care contribute to the acceleration of the skin aging process.
The lines that appear between the eyebrows are actually the result of the continuous movement of the face muscles. Botox is indicated for the temporary amelioration of the appearance of vertical moderate to severe lines between the eyebrows, that we can notice when we frown, especially in under 65 years old adults.
Botox acts by blocking the nervous impulses directed towards all muscles in which it has been injected. This prevents the muscle contraction, leading to a temporary and reversible paralysis. The patients are tested to see if they are allergic to botulinum toxin by means of a prick in the arm, then they have to wait for 10 minutes, and only afterwards the injection procedure can start. Normally, the procedure takes no longer than 20 minutes, and there is no need to recover after the injection.
The patient can leave the medical office immediately after the procedure, but it is recommended that the patient should not lie down or bend over for 4 hours after the treatment, should not massage the treated areas or should not make any physical effort for 24 hours. But it is indicated to voluntarily contract the injected muscles (slight movements of frowning, forehead wrinkling, closing and opening of the eyes), which accelerates the installation of the wanted effect.
After the botox injection, the result will appear within several days, and the wrinkles will attenuate within approximately one week. The appearance is very pleasant, natural and serene, and most patients experience a lifting of the lateral halves of the eyebrows, which is a welcome effect. The relaxation occurs on the second or third day and will be fully installed after approximately one week. After the first botox treatment, the result lasts between 3 and 6 months, after which the face expression returns to the initial "shape". This is the time when the treatment needs to be repeated and the results may last longer this time; after 4-5 sessions of this kind, the effects tend to last longer.
Side effects are rare and are not dangerous. Headaches, possible eyebrow or eyelid “dropping”, blurred vision or the paralysis of other muscles than the targeted ones. Many of these possible effects disappear within a few days after the procedure. If you would like to get rid of certain wrinkles or simply to correct certain features or imperfections, and following the tests that you are subject to, that result in no interdiction, this is a very easy thing now.
The treatment is simple and consists of the performance of several punctures (needle pricks) which are made using a very thin needle exactly in the muscles responsible for the expression movements. Some doctors use local anaesthesia, a lidocaine cream, which reduces the discomfort given by the puncture.